Accessible Videos

Video content is growing rapidly on the internet.  According to a  Cisco study  video will comprise 79% of internet traffic by 2018.  We all know video is growing. Where once we were reading blogs, now people are creating videos.  According to Youtube:

YouTube has over a billion users–almost a third of all people on the Internet–and every day, people watch hundreds of millions of hours of YouTube videos and generate billions of views.

And there are many other video sharing platforms. So get into the action and put video on your site – but make sure to follow the accessibility guidelines.

What are the requirements?

According to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 (WCAG)

1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded): For prerecorded audio-only and prerecorded video-only media, the following are true, except when the audio or video is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such: (Level A)
Prerecorded Audio-only: An alternative for time-based media is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded audio-only content.
Prerecorded Video-only: Either an alternative for time-based media or an audio track is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded video-only content.

What this means is that someone who is blind should be able to hear the video and someone who is deaf should be able to read the audio content, either by your addition of captions or a script.

How to create an accessible Youtube video?

Watch the video below for starters and take a look at Google’s: Youtube closed caption and subtitle instruction page.

A few other quick tips:

  1. If you have the budget, consider adding sign language
  2. Remember auto play interferes with people who are using screen readers. So don’t use it on your videos.
  3. If you are not using Youtube or another service for your videos remember to use an accessible video player on your site. Paypal’s engineers created an accessible player that you can download from Github – Accessible Video Player by Paypal.
  4. Take a look at Google’s instructions to someone who is using Youtube with a screen reader. It will help you create videos with accessibility in mind.